Diagnostic X Ray

Diagnostic X-Ray

Overview
Diagnostic x-ray procedures are studies, which use ionizing radiation to produce an image on x-ray film. Diagnostic x-ray studies can be done on all body parts.

Contrast media are used in various x-ray procedures to enhance the image. The x-ray films are interpreted by the radiologist and the report and/or films are sent to the referring physician. Each type of diagnostic x-ray procedure is described briefly below.

All Diagnostic X-ray exams require a written prescription or referral stating which exam is being ordered and the patient’s signs and symptoms indicating medical necessity of the procedure.

Patients should bring previous films or related exams to their appointment. This information is very important and will expedite the report of the diagnosis back to the referring physician.

Common X-ray Studies & Patient Preparation

Arthrogram
X-ray study performed for the visualization of cartilage, ligaments and any loose bodies in a joint requiring an injection of contrast or contrast and air into the joint space. There is no patient preparation for this exam.

Barium Enema
X-ray study of the large intestine using barium and air introduced through the rectum. Patient prep is required.

Cystogram
X-ray study of the bladder during which contrast material is dripped into the bladder via a catheter. There is no preparation for this exam.

DEXA
X-ray study of the bones (usually the spine and hips) to check for osteoporosis (bone loss). There is no preparation for this exam. See also Screening for Health.

Esophagram
X-ray study of the esophagus which requires the patient to drink a barium solution. Patient prep is required.

Hysterosalpingogram
X-ray study of the uterus and fallopian tubes during which contrast is injected through the cervical opening. Patient prep is required.

Small Bowel Series
X-ray study of the small intestine which requires the patient to drink a barium solution. Patient prep is required.

Upper GI Series
X-ray study of the esophagus, stomach and small intestine which requires the patient to drink a barium solution with gas granules. Patient prep is required.

VCUG (Voiding Cystourethrogram)
X-ray study of the bladder and urethra. Contrast is placed into the bladder via a catheter. After filling the bladder, the catheter is removed and pictures are taken as the patient voids. There is no preparation for this exam.
X-ray Studies of the Head, Chest, Spine, Abdomen, and Extremities
No patient preparation is required. Please send any prior studies for comparison.